MONDAY, 20 OCTOBER 2014

A renewed global focus on the rights of children

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It is interesting that, once a child is born, family law principles all seem to boil down to “the well-being of the child”.  At least in theory, it outweighs almost anything else which might be a factor in a dispute.  Yet, before birth, in conceiving children, and in dealing with the actual relationship breakdowns caused by adults who can’t handle remaining in the family home for any number of reasons, society seems to place so much more weight on the adult’s ‘right’ to that child at any cost or ‘right’ to be happy than on a child’s well-being and natural need to have a stable family unit to fall back on.  

The newly formed International Children’s Rights Institute wants to put some focus back on the rights of the child.  A non-partisan, secular educational and research centre comprised of scholars from around the world, it plans to focus on the rights of… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

THURSDAY, 16 OCTOBER 2014

USA Labour Force Participation Revisited

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Today I would like to follow up to last week’s post about the stubbornly low level of workforce participation in the USA.  This post was inspired by comments made by John Tepper Marlin who writes on public policy and economics over at cityeconomist.blogspot.com. In an update, Marlin muses further on why there is a low employment-to-population ratio in the US. He thinks that the following could be factors:

“Some married men are dropping out of the labor force, or reducing their hours, to allow their successful wives to devote themselves entirely to the stresses of the workplace.

Some working women are rethinking their priorities and are taking more time at home.

Baby boomers not tethered to the workplace because of the financial setbacks from the 2008 financial crisis are leaving so that they can start small businesses - which would take them off… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

MONDAY, 13 OCTOBER 2014

Australian academics moot trading in children

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Two Australian legal academics have mooted the idea that, as emissions trading schemes are so in vogue, one way to reduce population growth is to include family planning in carbon markets.

Basically this would involve the government setting a cap on the total allowable number of children (who would be equated with emissions). They suggest that the scheme could work as follows:

Families (or a female individual) would be offered carbon credits if they (or she) elected to have one child (which is less than the replacement fertility rate of roughly 2.1 births per woman for developed countries).

For each additional child, credits must be purchased from the relevant carbon market that may be a local, national or international one depending on the scope of implementation of the scheme. If a family or an individual chooses not to have children, they (or she) can sell those credits on the market.

To… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

FRIDAY, 10 OCTOBER 2014

A change to the USA’s employee structure?

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John Tepper Marlin writes a very interesting blog over at CityEconomist dealing with local (New York) and international politics and public policy from an Economics point of view.

One of his recent posts was on the USA’s improving job figures in which he speculates that we might be seeing a structural change in work-force participation.  Those not working may not all be “discouraged workers” but members of society choosing to stay at home and, as Marlin wrote in an email to me this week, “maybe this is part of a conscious choice to reassert the values of family and home against those of the workplace.” An interesting suggestion and one that, if true, could be the start of a societal trend in the post-industrial west.  

Marlin's post stems from the steadily improving US economy and its job figures. Marlin notes that: 

“The BLS jobs report for September [link is to… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

TUESDAY, 7 OCTOBER 2014

Retiring Baby Boomers herald a new era of innovation

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Of late, I have noticed a few commentators around the world emphasising that elderly people aren’t the sad, arthritic bunch we might stereotype them to be.  In fact, many wait for retirement to put into action their most daring and risky business ventures, pushing the boundaries of innovation that they have previously not been financially free enough to do.  As the Baby Boomers move into retirement, this trend could well actually create more jobs and lead to a more efficient society.

A recently released study conducted by the IIASA, the Max Planck Institute and the University of Washington certainly supports a link between an aging population and innovation.  It finds that for retired people the relationship between leisure, work, and housework will change, with leisure time increasing on average.  That will leave the relatively well-educated, healthy and financially secure Baby Boomers more time to think and innovate.

Last year, United States… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

MONDAY, 6 OCTOBER 2014

More Males, Fewer Jobs

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As you can see in this short video clip from Bloomberg, economists are getting worried about the effects of a demographic imbalance throughout the world: too many men compared to the numbers of women and the number of jobs. A large number of men without the chance of wives and jobs can be a force for change. Often violent change. Apparently the historical examples are not comforting...Go and have a look at the video here.

click here to read whole article and make comments

 

FRIDAY, 3 OCTOBER 2014

Is there a Russian demographic revival?

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Did you know that demography debates can get a bit heated at times? I thought that the idea of side remarks and veiled ad hominem attacks by compilers of dry population statistics was faintly absurd. And unseemly. But then so is the idea of academics holding long running disputes about the meaning of a word in a statute or the meaning of a particular case: and I can tell you from experience that these debates can get very personal and bitter. (I haven’t been involved in one yet, but am looking forward to my first proper academic feud; it will be proof-positive that I have “made it”.) So perhaps I shouldn’t have been surprised that demography can result in vendettas written via blogs and publications. This is especially so when one realises that demographic numbers are inherently political and especially so when these numbers can potentially show… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

THURSDAY, 2 OCTOBER 2014

More Hip Op-erations to come?

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It is not news that older people are quickly becoming a proportionately larger group in most countries around the world.  So is this making their quality of life better or worse than in years gone by?  The newly released Global AgeWatch Index ranks 96 nations on the basis of the quality of life and social and economic wellbeing of older people (over 60s).

Those who worked on the study warn that the unprecedented rate and speed of population ageing presents policy-makers with a challenge that they must act on quickly if they want to meet the needs of their citizens.  They suggest understanding the resource available in older people, appreciating what they can offer to society, as well as making sure infrastructure supports older people.

Professor Asghar Zaidi, from the Centre for Research on Ageing at the University of Southampton, led the development of the Index, working alongside HelpAge International.  He comments that "societies… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

TUESDAY, 30 SEPTEMBER 2014

The emptying of a nation

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If you have any wondered what a sharply decreasing population looks like in map form then you need look no further! I’ve found these maps on the rocketnews24 website which were taken in turn from the Nihon Keizai Shimbun website.  Among other things, the website displays a map which depicts the expected changes in the female (child bearing aged) population by 2040 by municipality (see above). As the rocketnews24 authors state:

“...it doesn’t bode well for the country. In fact, it’s causing some analysts to predict the ‘annihilation’ of 895 municipalities (a little over half of them) by 2040 due to depopulation.”

The map shows the population change in women ages 20 to 39 years old. These are the women expected to bear the majority of Japan’s future children, so fewer women means fewer babies. Which in turn means fewer women which in turn means fewer babies and so… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

FRIDAY, 26 SEPTEMBER 2014

Chinese advice on how to control population growth

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Shannon’s last post on the new population predictions scaring the world and generating many headlines is an excellent read. One of the scariest things I think about these predictions is how they might be used by policy makers and politicians to agitate for population control measures. Especially if those policy makers come from a country that has the most brutal population control measures in the world: China. Well, right away China is jumping in and pointing to its “stellar” population control measures as an example to us all. According to the People Daily Online:

“A Chinese representative on Monday called on the international community to work together to include the issue of population in the post-2015 development agenda. Li Bin, minister in charge of the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China, made the appeal here at a special session of the… click here to read whole article and make comments

 

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Welcome to Demography Is Destiny. We launched this to counter two media memes: that humans are a cancer which is destroying our planet and that world population is spiralling to unsustainable levels. The real story is that intelligent and inventive human will rise to the challenge of climate change and that our real problem is the coming demographic winter. The editors of Demography is Destiny are Marcus and Shannon Roberts, who live in Auckland, New Zealand. Send them your comments and suggestions. 


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