WEDNESDAY, 10 FEBRUARY 2016

The world’s migrant population continues to grow

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The United Nations has released a 2015 update on the state of the world's migrantion stock – those who have left the land of their birth to work and live overseas (usually as economic migrants, but also as refugees). The results have been reproduced in a number of interesting and colourful graphs and infographics (as well as some less colourful and interesting spreadsheets). Some of the more interesting numbers are as follows:

  • There are 244 million international migrants in 2015. In 2000 there were 173 million. (This represents an increase of 41% over that time which gives an indication of our growing interconnectedness and globailisation.)

  • International migrants are generally older and more masculine than the world population. The median age of these migrants is 39 years old (the world's is about 30 years). They are 48% female (50% for the world).

  • Around a third of… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

TUESDAY, 9 FEBRUARY 2016

Russians are becoming more family-oriented

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While Russia’s demographic outlook has improved in recent years, the country continues to struggle to reverse negative population trends.  Since 1992, about 12.5 million more Russians have died than have been born.  Thus, Russia's population has fallen every year since then except 1993 and 2010, the decline softened only by immigration. 

Patriarch Kirill, head of the Russian Orthodox Church, recently called on lawmakers to ensure that traditional moral values are safeguarded in the country's legislation in his first-ever address to the Russian State Duma, his reasons in part demographic.  According to the Moscow Times, the Patriarch commented that:

"One of Russia's main misfortunes is the high number of abortions … If the number of abortions was halved, we would have steady and strong demographic growth."

In 2010, 1.2 million abortions were carried out in Russia, according to the federal state statistics service, the terribly high number still… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

FRIDAY, 5 FEBRUARY 2016

Global inequality grows

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As you, dear reader, sit there in your superyacht, drinking a highball, musing on which A-list party to go to tonight in your helicopter, and of course reading this column on your diamond-encrusted iPad, you may want to consider whether you are in the group of the 62 wealthiest individuals on the planet. If you are, you are part of a group that is as wealthy as the poorest 50 percent of the world's population.

Yes, that's right; Oxfam has just released figures that show that the 62 richest people on the planet own the same wealth as the poorest 3.6 billion people on this planet. That is, on average, each of those 62 has as much wealth as 56.5 million of the poorest.

“Oxfam said that the wealth of the poorest 50% dropped by 41% between 2010 and 2015, despite an increase in the… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

WEDNESDAY, 3 FEBRUARY 2016

The science of commuting

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Living in Auckland is great because no matter whom you meet and talk to, you are never short of at least two conversation topics. The first of these societal fall-backs is the housing market: either horror stories about how expensive it's getting; or horror stories about how the market is tanking and everyone will be left with negative equity in their house. The second conversation piece is the traffic: how bad it is; how stupid it is that they are doing road works at this time of year; how terrible the public transport alternatives are; and how early everyone seems to leave work on Friday (about 11.30am). With these two topics in their back pocket, Aucklanders are confident in going to BBQs and other social events even if they know no one there.

This interesting article from citylab.com has given me some great additional material… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

MONDAY, 1 FEBRUARY 2016

The homeless are ageing too

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As our population ages, the homeless are getting older too.  This will present societal challenges in the years ahead. In the early 1990s, only 11 percent of the adult homeless population in the United States was aged 50 and over.  It increased to 37 percent by 2003, and today half of America’s homeless are over 50. 

Margot Kushel, a Professor of Medicine at the University of California in San Francisco, is part of a research team funded by the National Institute of Aging that is looking into how people aged 50 and over become homeless, and what happens to them and their health as a result.  Their (California centric) research finds that as a society we must find ways to adapt existing programs for homeless adults to meet the needs of an aging population, as well as trying… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

FRIDAY, 29 JANUARY 2016

A green home - without the grief

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What is the one thing we can do to make our home more green?

The obvious answer is simply to ‘consume less’.

But what if you don’t want to spend your life walking from room to room, unplugging laptop chargers and turning off lights? What if a large family of children make a dishwasher and tumble dryer necessities not luxuries?

What if, put simply, you’d like to cut your carbon footprint (and your utility bills), without actually using less electricity?

The answer came to me during a conversation with a friend last week, who works for one of Europe’s biggest private sector employers. I won’t mention the company concerned, but I will share with you with what had persuaded this firm to shift a large part of its investment focus.

Home batteries.

The buzz around home batteries has been growing for months.

Last year Tesla, the electric car company founded by the American… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

WEDNESDAY, 27 JANUARY 2016

China’s workforce contracts further

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Last year we talked about the Chinese Communist Party’s 13th five year plan which showed a change in emphasis for the Chinese government from GDP to population and demography. Recently the Chinese GDP has been hogging the headlines as a declared growth rate of “only” 6.9% (taken with a large pinch of salt by most) has sent shivers throughout the world’s economies. There have been TV news reports here in New Zealand about steel mills closing in cities that we’ve never heard of and workers being laid off. Then there is the ever-falling price of oil which is great for us when we fill up the car, but another sign that the world economy is slowing down.

On top of all this bleak economic news comes another sign of China’s woes: its National Bureau of Statistics has announced that the number… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

MONDAY, 25 JANUARY 2016

Half of us live on 1% of the Earth’s land

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The map above this post shows the world divided up into 28 million 3x3mile squares. If the square has a population of 8,000 people living within it (and therefore a population density 889 people per square mile) then the square is coloured yellow. If it has less than 8,000 people living within it then it is left black. Thus the yellow areas are the most densly populated areas of the world, the dark areas are less densly populated. The numbers have been chosen by the map's designer Max Galka from population data compiled by NASA so that half of the world's population lives within the yellow parts of the map, and the other half lives within the black part of the map. (Go here for his blogpost and some close up details of the map.)

Of course the picture is necessarily simplified, there is no differentiation for the greater… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

FRIDAY, 22 JANUARY 2016

Christian persecution in 2015

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Will the 21st century see the segregation of religions? Will once-thriving minorities cease to exist in countries that they have been in for thousands of years? Will the idea of a great big melting pot of people of all different religions give way to religious cleansing and mass-migration?

According to a recent report by Open Doors (a charity that monitors religious violence and discrimination) 2015 suggested that the answer to all of those questions might be “yes”. The persecution of Christians continued to rise in 2015 throughout the Middle East and Africa; thousands of Christians were killed for their faith and millions more were forced to flee their homes and become refugees. The report can be read here and as its Introduction says “It is not good news.”

“There are many millions more Christians today who are afraid to go to church, or no longer have a church to… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

TUESDAY, 19 JANUARY 2016

Practical ways to improve food distribution

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With refugee numbers high around the world, we are forced to grapple with questions about the distribution of the resources available to us, along with questions about nationhood, culture and the sanctity of borders.  Leaving questions of borders aside, it is generally recognised that there is more than enough food in the world to feed everyone.  It is only because food is distributed unevenly, wasted, or even intentionally destroyed in war-torn or politically unstable countries, that many go hungry.  The head of the United Nations food and agriculture agency has stated that:

“…the Food and Agriculture Organization believes that hunger can be eradicated around the globe ‘in a generation, in our lifetime’ if there is a political commitment by world leaders to ensure that all their citizens get access to nutritious food."

The United Nations has further commented that:

“The… click here to read whole article and make comments


 

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Welcome to Demography Is Destiny. We launched this to counter two media memes: that humans are a cancer which is destroying our planet and that world population is spiralling to unsustainable levels. The real story is that intelligent and inventive humans will rise to the challenge of climate change and that our real problem is the coming demographic winter. The editors of Demography is Destiny are Marcus and Shannon Roberts, who live in Auckland, New Zealand. Send them your comments and suggestions. 


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